By Blendi Kajsiu
Why did Albania take pleasure in probably the most winning anti-corruption courses and associations in addition to what seemed to be growing to be degrees of corruption through the interval 1998-2005? corruption via a post-structuralist discourse research viewpoint this publication argues that the dominant corruption discourse in Albania served essentially to institute the neoliberal order instead of dispose of corruption. It did so in 4 interrelated methods. First, blaming each Albanian failure on corruption refrained from a severe engagement with the prevailing neoliberal developmental version. moment, the dominant articulation of corruption as abuse of public place of work for personal achieve consigned it to the general public region, reworking neoliberal rules of privatisation and increasing markets into anticorruption measures. 3rd, foreign anticorruption campaigns reproduced an uneven dating of dependency among Albania and the foreign associations that monitored it through articulating corruption as inner to the Albanian situation. eventually, opposed to corruption overseas and native actors may well articulate a neoliberal order that was once freed from inner contradictions and completely appropriate with democratization. As a unprecedented instance of post-structuralist discourse research of corruption this ebook might be worthy for destiny examine on discourses of corruption in different international locations of the zone and past.
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Extra resources for A Discourse Analysis of Corruption: Instituting Neoliberalism Against Corruption in Albania 1998-2005
It was a problem developed Western countries had faced in the past too. This is why the experience of modern countries such as Britain in the nineteenth century was offered as a model of reforms that should be adopted by the Third World countries. This condemnation of corruption was criticized by a number of political scientists because it ignored the social and historical context within which corruption took place. 127). Hence, the approach 14 A Discourse Analysis of Corruption was seen as moral rather than scientific.
Therefore, the contest between different understandings of corruption within the political paradigm was, to a large extent, a contest between different political ideals that such understandings embodied. Corruption stood for the failure of these political ideals in practice, or for the obstacles that prevented their realization. The problem was that the focus on corruption tended to shift attention from the critical analysis of a given ideal or political system towards the necessity of its implementation.
Against the threat of corruption, this ideal was taken for granted and implicitly promoted, instead of being critically explored. Conclusion: The Limits of Corruption The three main paradigms that I have analysed so far have produced important insights regarding a number of phenomena that have come under the general label of corruption. They share two important shortcomings, however, that undermine their analytical and critical purchase in relation to corruption. First, in all of them corruption marks the distance between a given ideal and its limited materialization in practice: be it the modern (Western) state in the modernization paradigm, perfect competition in the economic paradigm, or certain ideals of democracy in the political paradigm.