A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish by Christine Ekholst

By Christine Ekholst

A Punishment for every felony is the 1st in-depth research of ways gender motivated Swedish medieval legislation. Christine Ekholst demonstrates how the legislations codes steadily and inconsistently brought ladies as attainable perpetrators for all severe crimes. The legislation display that legislators not just anticipated women and men to devote varieties of crimes; additionally they punished women and men in several methods in the event that they have been convicted. The legislation continually stipulated various equipment of executions for women and men; whereas males have been hanged or damaged at the wheel, ladies have been buried alive, stoned, or burned on the stake. A Punishment for every legal explores the history to the $64000 legislative alterations that came about whilst girls have been made for my part liable for their very own crimes.

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Extra resources for A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law

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22 chapter 1 husband’s knowledge, then the laws either stipulated a fine for the person who engaged in the transaction or gave her husband the right to undo the transaction. It should be noted that this rule seemingly did not apply in the cities, the place where this would have had the greatest impact. 69 Swedish medieval law allowed women to inherit. It is very hard to know anything about the system of inheritance in Sweden prior to the thirteenth century; however, it has been assumed that female right to inheritance was secondary in older times.

The impact of this view is profound and the consequences this has had for scholarly work on the Nordic medieval laws must always be kept in mind. Winberg, Grenverket, 19–20. For some examples see: Åke Holmbäck, Ätten och arvet enligt Sveriges medeltidslagar (Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1919). Anners, Den europeiska rättens historia 1, 95. Lizzie Carlsson, “Jag giver dig min dotter”. Trolovning och äktenskap i den svenska kvinnans äldre historia. Del 1 (Stockholm: Institutet för rättshistorisk forskning, 1965), 29–30.

GL, Byggningabalken 24 §6. The hiding or denial of the crime is an important aspect also in Norwegian medieval law. Wennström, Tjuvnad och fornæmi, 28–31. 42 chapter 2 or not a deed had been publicly confessed. 36 To hurt and to kill someone’s animals was one of the conflict strategies in the village. The laws show that it was self-evident that someone might respond with violence and that this violence could be directed towards another person’s property. The Limits of Tolerance and the Importance of Intent Swedish medieval law has been described as focused upon the consequences of an action.

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