Agreement, Pronominal Clitics and Negation in Tamazight by Hamid Ouali

By Hamid Ouali

This e-book provides a learn of varied very important points of Tamazight Berber syntax in the generative culture. >

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Extra info for Agreement, Pronominal Clitics and Negation in Tamazight Berber: A Unified Analysis (Continuum Studies In Theoretical Linguistics)

Sample text

Ls Other researchers however treat ao as a complementizer. Boukhris (1998) for Tamazight glosses ad when used with embedded verbs as "que" which is the French term for "that" as indicated in the gloss of the following example (33): (33) ira ad i-Oiddu. AOR "he wants to go" In dialects such as Tashelhit ad is also treated as a complementizer by, for example Omari (2001), as shown in (34), and Makhad (2004) as illustrated in (35): Tamazight Verb Morphology and Clause Structure 47 (34) ur ufi -h ad aqra -h 'l(iyyd (Omari 2001: 24) Neg able+PER-I that studying-!

Ob"~{wh/topic .. ) 1-----1-----1 This prediction is borne out. Object extraction as predicted affects the clitic-head as illustrated in (57). ls-(*her) "It was to Miriam that I gave the book" lac8ab book Certain argument extraction inhibits agreement. Subject extraction yields AAE, Object extraction yields a ban on "agreeing" clitic doubling, and NCI extraction yields a ban on the appearance of the "agreeing" negative concord element Neg2. This provides compelling further evidence of unification under Agree.

Another piece of evidence comes from examples such as ( 47) above where both the model la and the tense marker la co-occur in the same clause; a fact that is expected and which is indeed borne out. Examples (48), (49), and (50) further confirm this by showing that given the fact that negation in Tamazight must have scope over tense elements, the la that occurs with the Perfective form must be the model form since it must precede negation as shown by examples ( 49) and (50). I will, therefore, adopt Boukhris (1998) approach in treating the behavior of la as reflecting two separate morphemes.

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